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HTML | Hyper Text Markup Language

HTML documents are designed and built using elements. Elements are represented by tags on the HTML document. Some of the most common tags are heading, body, paragraph, table, and more. The HTML tags are used by browsers to render the content to the user of the browser.

  • <!DOCTYPE html>
  • The doctype element is the way to let the browser know the document is HTML5

  • <html>
  • The html element is the back bone element of the HTML page being designed

  • <head>
  • The head element contains the meta data the document requires

  • <title>
  • The title element will allow the programmer to set the title of the page

  • <body>
  • The body element holds the page content that will be rendered by a browser

  • <h1-h6>
  • The h1 element is the largest text heading, and h6 would represent the smallest text heading.

  • <p>
  • The p element represents the paragraph, and the paragraph is a great way to display text.

HTML elements are represented using tags, and the tags are surrounded by angle brackets; <> and </>. <tagname>the content you wish to display...</tagname>. Tagname are notoriously seen in pairs; one to open the tag and one to close the tag. The first tag is known as the start tag, and the closing tag is known as the end tag. The end tag is designated by a forward slash inserted before the tag name.

Web Browsers

A web browser is a way to render the elements written on an HTML document. The web browser does not specifically display HTML tags, but the browser does use them to render the display for the HTML document. The following image is a visualization of how HTML documents could be designed. The only content that will be displayed will be within the body tags.

Next, we will look at the way syntax works within html deeper

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